Glossary and links: How to install VMware on Windows Server 2003

This page accompanies Andrew Kutz's guide to VMware on Windows, Getting started with VMware Server on Windows. Here you'll find every link and term mentioned throughout the entire eight-part series.

Links

Glossary

AD -- Active Directory -- Active Directory is Microsoft's trademarked directory service, an integral part of the Windows 2000 architecture.

CDCompact Disc -- A compact disc [sometimes spelled disk] (CD) is a small, portable, round medium made of molded polymer (close in size to the floppy disk) for electronically recording, storing, and playing back audio, video, text, and other information in digital form.

CD-ROM -- Compact Disc, read-only-memory -- CD-ROM is an adaptation of the CD that is designed to store computer data in the form of text and graphics, as well as hi-fi stereo sound.

CPUCentral Processing Unit -- CPU (central processing unit) is an older term for processor and microprocessor, the central unit in a computer containing the logic circuitry that performs the instructions of a computer's programs.

DHCP - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol -- DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a communications protocol that lets network administrators centrally manage and automate the assignment of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses in an organization's network.

DNSDomain Name System -- The domain name system (DNS) is the way that Internet domain names are located and translated into Internet Protocol addresses. A domain name is a meaningful and easy-to-remember "handle" for an Internet address.

FQDNFully Qualified Domain Name -- A fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) is that portion of an Internet Uniform Resource Locator (URL) that fully identifies the server program that an Internet request is addressed to.

HTTPHypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is the set of rules for transferring files (text, graphic images, sound, video, and other multimedia files) on the World Wide Web. As soon as a Web user opens their Web browser, the user is indirectly making use of HTTP.

HTTPS -- Hypertext Transfer Protocol over Secure Socket Layer -- HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol over Secure Socket Layer, or HTTP over SSL) is a Web protocol developed by Netscape and built into its browser that encrypts and decrypts user page requests as well as the pages that are returned by the Web server.

I/OInput/Output -- I/O (input/output), pronounced "eye-oh," describes any operation, program, or device that transfers data to or from a computer.

IDE -- Integrated Drive Electronics -- IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) is a standard electronic interface used between a computer motherboard's data paths or bus and the computer's disk storage devices.

IIS -- Internet Information Server -- IIS (Internet Information Server) is a group of Internet servers (including a Web or Hypertext Transfer Protocol server and a File Transfer Protocol server) with additional capabilities for Microsoft's Windows NT and Windows 2000 Server operating systems.

ISO -- International Organization for Standardization -- ISO, founded in 1947, is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from some 100 countries, with one standards body representing each member country.

ISO 9660 defines a file system for CD-ROM media. It aims at supporting different computer operating systems such as Microsoft Windows, Mac OS, and systems that follow the Unix specification, so that data may be exchanged.

IP -- Internet protocol -- The Internet Protocol (IP) is the method or protocol by which data is sent from one computer to another on the Internet.

MIME -- Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions is an Internet standard that extends the format of email to support text in character sets other than US-ASCII, non-text attachments, multi-part message bodies, and header information in non-ASCII character sets.

MUI -- Multilingual User Interface -- MUI is a Microsoft Windows package from Microsoft that allows each user to select the Windows language. A similar tool is available from Microsoft for Microsoft Office. http://www.microsoft.com/globaldev/reference/muizone.mspx

NAT -- Network Address Translation -- NAT (Network Address Translation or Network Address Translator) is the translation of an Internet Protocol address (IP address) used within one network to a different IP address known within another network.

NIC -- Network Interface Card A network interface card (NIC) is a computer circuit board or card that is installed in a computer so that it can be connected to a network. Personal computers and workstations on a local area network (LAN) typically contain a network interface card specifically designed for the LAN transmission technology, such as Ethernet or Token Ring.

OS -- Operating System -- An operating system (sometimes abbreviated as "OS") is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all the other programs in a computer.

RAID -- Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks -- RAID (redundant array of independent disks; originally redundant array of inexpensive disks) is a way of storing the same data in different places (thus, redundantly) on multiple hard disks. By placing data on multiple disks, I/O (input/output) operations can overlap in a balanced way, improving performance.

RDP -- Remote Desktop Protocol -- Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a multi-channel protocol that allows a user to connect to a computer running Microsoft Terminal Services. Clients exist for most versions of Windows, and other operating systems such as Linux, FreeBSD, and Mac OS X. The server listens by default on TCP port 3389.

SMTP -- Simple Mail Transfer Protocol -- SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is a TCP/IP protocol used in sending and receiving e-mail. However, since it is limited in its ability to queue messages at the receiving end, it is usually used with one of two other protocols, POP3 or IMAP, that let the user save messages in a server mailbox and download them periodically from the server.

SVGA -- Super Video Graphics Array -- Typically, an SVGA display can support a palette of up to 16,000,000 colors, although the amount of video memory in a particular computer may limit the actual number of displayed colors to something less than that. Image-resolution specifications vary. In general, the larger the diagonal screen measure of an SVGA monitor, the more pixels it can display horizontally and vertically.

VI3 -- VMware Infrastructure 3 -- The third generation of the industry-leading infrastructure virtualization software suite VMware that empowers enterprises and small businesses alike to optimize and manage their IT environments through virtualization.

The first generation of virtualization for industry-standard systems provided server partitioning through a hypervisor or hosted architecture. The second generation added management, capacity planning, a physical to virtual assistant and other tools for consolidating production servers. The third generation, VMware Infrastructure 3, enables systems infrastructure capabilities for entire farms of servers and storage, independent of the application/operating system workloads and of the underlying hardware.

VM -- Virtual Machine -- VM (Virtual Machine), currently embodied in a product called VM/ESA, is a widely-installed operating system for mainframes from IBM that can host other operating systems, including MVS and Conversational Monitor System (CMS), so that each of the operating systems seems to have its own complete system of software and hardware resources (data storage, telecommunications, processor, and so forth).

This was first published in October 2006

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