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Virtualizing Exchange?

An Exchange administrator wrote in concerned that virtualizing Exchange with VMware, like his architecture team wants him to do, would be a mistake. Expert Andrew Kutz addresses the inquiry.

I'm the Exchange administrator in my company. The product installed is Exchange 2003 SP2 with Windows 2003 EE SP1. The architecture is two cluster ActieActivePassive (back-end HW: HP Proliant DL580 G3 4 CPU; 4 GB RAM) connected to box EMC DMX in FC, five SMTP connector in Load Balancing, two front-end Outlook Web Access (OWA) Intranet and two front-end OWA Internet behind two ISA Server 2004s.

The architecture team, which doesn't know the Microsoft environment, wants to migrate all Exchange infrastructures to a virtualization environment using VMware.

From my experience this is a great error. What do you think?

Do you want the bad news or the good news first? We'll start with the bad news: your architecture team is partly correct. There is absolutely no reason why you should not be able to virtualize your four Exchange Front-End servers (or Client Access servers as they are called in Exchange 12 terminology). Even under stress, a virtual machine (VM) with a single CPU and 512MB-1GB of RAM should be plenty for an Outlook Web Access (OWA) server.

The good news is that you can tell your architecture team to hold off on any plans to virtualize the Exchange Back-End servers (Mailbox servers in Exchange 12). While technically this plan of action is not a problem, it falters under heavy performance loads. This is because of the extremely high amount of disk IO that Exchange causes. Virtual disk files simply cannot keep up with what Exchange can throw at them when Exchange is being hit hard. There is a loop-hole however -- raw device mappings (RDM). You can configure a VM to talk directly to a LUN on your SAN using RDMs. This does make it possible to virtualize Back-End Exchange servers with satisfactory performance. For more information about how to configure RDMs please see VMware's ESX 2.5.x documentation on accessing raw disksor VI3 documentation.

One last note. In ESX 2.5.x you can configure VMs to access physical disks directly or with RDMs, but VI3 only supports direct disk access through RDMs.

This was last published in August 2006

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